Can You Sue A Realtor For False Advertising? What To Know

Did you know that 98% of real estate agents can work with both the buyer and the seller? It’s true. This shows why being honest and fair is so important in real estate. But what if a realtor does something wrong, like lie about a house or mislead you? Can you take legal action against them for being deceptive?

Understanding what real estate agents can and cannot do is crucial for buyers and sellers. Knowing your rights if you’ve been lied to is also key. This article will look into when suing a realtor becomes an option, the legal steps you can take, and how to protect yourself.

Key Takeaways

  • Real estate agents must put their clients’ needs first, but they’re limited in the advice they can give.
  • It is indeed possible to sue a realtor for false advertising, but your case’s strength depends on the facts.
  • Important steps including collecting proof, limiting damages, and getting advice from a real estate lawyer are vital.
  • Realtors may face consequences for fraud, bias, or pretending to be a lawyer.
  • Winning your case relies on how serious the realtor’s wrongdoing was and proving the harm you faced.

Understanding the Role of Real Estate Agents

Real estate is a complex world, so it’s key to know what real estate agents do. They’re licensed professionals with deep education and training in the real estate field. This includes knowing the rules for selling property. After passing a tough state board exam, they get their license. This means they’re ready to help you with buying or selling a home.

Duties and Responsibilities of Real Estate Agents

Real estate agents handle many tasks like client forms, making offers, and customer service. They answer important questions and review contracts. They also work to get the best price, close deals, and show properties. Their job is to make buying or selling a home as smooth as possible. Their expert advice is crucial in dealing with real estate’s many details.

Limitations and Restrictions on Real estate Agents

Despite being experts, real estate agents have limitations. They can’t give legal or tax advice. These areas are too specialized for them. They’re also bound by the Fair Housing Act. This act stops discrimination in any sale or rental based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, or family status.

Real Estate Agent Duties Real Estate Agent Responsibilities Real Estate Agent Restrictions
Handling client forms Providing customer service Giving legal advice
Drafting and preparing offers Reviewing real estate contracts Providing tax advice
Negotiating sale prices Guiding clients through the process Violating the Fair Housing Act
Closing deals Showcasing properties N/A

Can You Sue A Realtor For False Advertising?

Real estate deals are quite sensitive. What a realtor says or does in a deal can be legally crucial. Many wonder if they can sue a realtor for saying something false or hiding important facts. It’s very important to know what responsibilities realtors have and when you can take them to court.

What Constitutes Misrepresentation and Failure to Disclose

A real estate broker misstates some material feature to commit a misrepresentation. A failure to disclose occurs when they don’t talk about an important property aspect. These problems might involve the house’s foundation or key structural parts, as well as property lines or pest issues.

Common Types of Misrepresentation and Non-Disclosure

Easements on the property, title issues, and environmental problems are often misrepresented. Sometimes, agents hide property defects or lie about boundaries. This can lead to big problems for the buyers.

Common Lawsuits Against Real Estate Agents

Real estate agents might deal with different legal issues because of their work. The most typical cases involve not acting in their clients’ best interests, hiding property flaws, being careless, and breaking data privacy laws.

Breach of Fiduciary Duty

Fiduciaries put their clients’ needs before their own. Agents must always act for their clients in real estate deals. If they make secret money, hide better offers from home sellers, or make big decisions without asking their clients, it can lead to trouble.

Failure to Disclose Property Defects

Realtors must warn potential buyers if a house has major issues. If they don’t, maybe because they didn’t know or didn’t care, they could get in trouble. This could be for issues with the home’s bones, pests, or even the land it’s on.


Not being careful enough in their work can get real estate agents sued. This might be from messing up paperwork, missing important dates, or making decisions that end up hurting their clients. Such negligence can lead to serious problems for agents.

Data Privacy Violations

In today’s tech-savvy world, keeping client data safe is more important than ever for real estate agents. If they let out private info without permission, it could result in serious legal trouble for the agent.

Proving False Advertising or Misrepresentation

Suing a real estate agent for false advertising or misrepresentation isn’t easy. It depends on how blatant the misleading information was. If a house was falsely claimed to be unremodeled when it was, you might have a strong case. However, if the issue was something obvious, your chances might be weak.

Gathering solid evidence is key to proving realtor misrepresentation. This means collecting the agent’s ads, any written claims, or any documentation that disputes their words. Adding testimonials from former clients or experts can also really help your case.

Remember, it’s up to you to show how the realtor’s lies hurt you. So, keeping good records and having solid evidence is crucial. With strong documentation, you stand a better chance of winning against the agent.

proving realtor misrepresentation

Type of Evidence Relevance
Realtor’s marketing materials Demonstrate false claims or misrepresentations in advertising
Written statements from the realtor Show contradictory information provided to the client
Witness testimonies Corroborate evidence of the realtor’s deceptive practices
Documentation of property defects Prove the realtor’s failure to disclose material information
Records of client communications Demonstrate the realtor’s misrepresentations or omissions

Remedies Available for False Advertising Claims

If a realtor uses false ads or tricks, the harmed parties can claim different legal remedies. This includes compensatory damages, punitive damages, and equitable remedies.

Compensatory Damages

Compensatory damages aim to return the plaintiff to their pre-harm financial state. For example, it might cover the property’s true value or sales costs.

Punitive Damages

If a realtor engages in very bad actions like lying or fraud, the court might offer punitive damages. This is to stop the realtor from acting similarly in the future.

Equitable Remedies

Besides money, other actions like rescission can be taken. Rescission can cancel the deal, making it as if the transaction never happened.

Which remedies are possible depends on the case and the realtor’s actions. It’s key to work with a knowledgeable real estate attorney to explore your legal choices against the realtor.

Steps to Take When Suing a Real Estate Agent

Think your real estate agent was deceitful or went against the rules? It’s vital you act fast to protect yourself. Here’s what to do:

Gather Evidence and Documentation

Start by collecting proof and papers for your case. Keep copies of all deals, talks, and any lies or false info. Also, save any reports on the property or disclosures you got. These can show the agent’s wrongdoings.

Mitigate Damages

Try to limit the harm from the agent’s actions. You can do this by reducing your losses. For example, renegotiating the deal or finding a new place to live. Showing you tried to fix things can make your case stronger.

Consult a Real Estate Attorney

Next, talk to a real estate lawyer near you. They can go over your case and see if you have a solid claim. Plus, they’ll help you sue the realtor properly. They’ll also have your back in court, making sure your rights are always in focus.

Realtor Liability for Deceptive Practices and Advertising

Real estate agents must follow strict ethics when helping buyers and sellers. Sometimes, these agents might use deceptive practices or false advertising. This can get them in legal trouble. It’s important to know the truth in advertising laws. These rules matter a lot for both customers and real estate professionals.

Truth in Advertising Laws

Agents can’t lie or mislead about properties, services, or deals. They must truthfully present what a property is like, its condition, and value. It’s also critical they don’t hide any important information. Not doing so could make them liable for deceptive practices or false advertising.

Real Estate Fraud Claims

In severe cases, deceptive advertising or fraudulent misrepresentation can be called real estate fraud. This might include changing photos or descriptions, hiding defects, or breaking fair housing laws. Those harmed by these actions might choose to sue. They aim to get compensation through real estate fraud claims against realtors.


Real estate agents are guides with a big role in buying and selling properties. They are experts with licenses. However, they can’t give advice on legal issues or taxes. They must also follow laws that ensure everyone gets a fair chance at housing. If they are dishonest or false in what they say, it’s against the law. Homebuyers and sellers can take them to court for it.

The Missouri Merchandising Practices Act (MMPA) helps protect consumers. It lets people get back money they lost plus more for their legal trouble if a seller or agent breaks the rules. This is only for cases where someone buys a home and loses money because a seller did something against the law.

It’s very serious if a real estate agent misleads or doesn’t tell you everything important about a property. Buyers and sellers need to do their homework. They should keep careful notes and evidence if they think a realtor is not being honest or is saying things that are not true.


What are the duties and responsibilities of real estate agents?

Real estate agents help people buy and sell property legally in a state. They work with clients, filling out paperwork, and offering proper advice. These experts also check over contracts, and negotiate prices. They show properties and help their clients understand the buying or selling journey.

What are the limitations and restrictions on real estate agents?

Agents can’t give legal or tax advice. They must follow the Fair Housing Act, which bans discrimination. To get licensed, they study and pass tests on how real estate works in their area.

What constitutes misrepresentation and failure to disclose in real estate transactions?

Misrepresentation means a real estate agent falsely describes something important about a property. Failure to disclose is when they hide major property issues. These problems could be in its structure, its location, or even legal concerns.

What are some common lawsuits against real estate agents?

Legal fights often happen when agents don’t act in their clients’ best interests. This could be not telling a homeowner about better offers than the one they’re considering. Or, it’s not revealing important faults in a property. Sometimes, issues about protecting private information lead to lawsuits too.

How can you prove false advertising or misrepresentation by a real estate agent?

Proving an agent lied is tricky. If the lie is a big, clear one, there could be a case. But, if a buyer should have checked the facts, it’s harder to win in court.

What remedies are available for false advertising claims against real estate agents?

If a court finds an agent guilty of false advertising, they might have to pay. This includes making up for any money lost or punishing the agent. In some cases, the deal might be canceled.

What steps should you take if you want to sue a real estate agent?

If you think your agent did wrong, first talk to a real estate lawyer. This expert can review your situation and tell you if you could win a lawsuit. They’ll guide you through the legal process if needed.

What are some examples of unethical and illegal real estate agent behaviors?

Bad behaviors include not telling clients about conflicts of interest, or lying about a property’s issues. Agents should also not trick people with false or misleading information, pressure them into deals, or hide offers from them. Doing these things is not just wrong; it’s illegal.

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